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Leading countries increasingly recognize the importance of coordinated R&D strategies in driving growth and spurring the competitiveness of their enterprises. These countries are also investing heavily in R&D. But while U.S. R&D intensity (R&D as a share of GDP) increased by a paltry 10.4 percent from 1995 to 2008, it increased substantially more in most other nations,...

DOD's support for energy innovation is significant, bested only by DOE, with estimated investments totaling $1.5 billion in FY2012. Investments span technology needs and emphasize development across the innovation lifecycle, supporting the development of energy technologies through basic and applied research, demonstration and prototypes, testing and evaluation, and commercialization through...

Between 2007 and 2011, when U.S. employment was very sluggish, the number of jobs that rely on the ad-supported internet doubled to 5.1 million, according to Economic Value of the Advertising-Supported Internet Ecosystem, a study commissioned by the Interactive Advertising Bureau (IAB). This shows the importance of this sort of advertising to not only to the internet economy but the economy on...

While the aging population in Japan means its GDP growth will be relatively slower, the fact is Japan's per-worker income growth-the key measure of economic success-exceeded the United States' in the last decade. It's time for the "Washington Economic Consensus" to stop writing off Japan as an economic basket case and recognize that the U.S. economy continues to face real challenges.

ITIF estimates that sequestration of R&D would result in the U.S. economy having approximately 200,000 fewer jobs per year between 2013 and 2016. This would result in the U.S. unemployment rate being 0.2 percentage points higher than it otherwise would be.

Piracy in China remains rampant. In 2011, the music industry in China generated $82.8 million compared to $68.9 million in Thailand, a much smaller market. Even though China signed on to the TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) agreement, it helps its domestic firms and hurts foreign firms by turning a blind eye to intellectual property theft, even within its own...

While it makes sense for policymakers to look to new industries such as clean energy to power job creation, they often overlook the key role that information technology (IT) has played. Over the last decade, IT employment in the United States grew rapidly. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, between 2001 and 2011, over 742,000 new IT jobs were created. Indeed, employment in IT...

Given reduced demand for capital from corporate America for productive investments, U.S. investment banks went looking for other deals to make up for the missing income and, in the process, figured out how to transform the housing market into a corporate finance laboratory. The fact that we diverted so much money in speculation on housing instead of machinery, equipment, R&D,...

The innovative biopharmaceutical sector provides an illustrative example of the importance of IP-intensive industries to the U.S. economy. The sector supports more than 7.4 million jobs and contributes $426 billion annually to U.S.GDP. Exports from the U.S. biopharmaceutical industry totaled $49.4 billion in 2010, making it the fourth-largest exporter among IP-intensive industries. It is...

While the U.S. has been running a trade deficit in manufacturing for more than three decades, it grew considerably worse after 2000. In the 2000s, the United States accumulated an astounding aggregate negative $5.5 trillion trade balance in goods and services with the rest of the world. In no year in that decade did the United States have a negative global trade balance of better than negative...