The U.S. manufacturing sector is losing jobs at a faster rate than any other advanced industrial nation besides the United Kingdom. From 2000 to 2009, the U.S. lost over 5 million manufacturing jobs. Commentators like Marc Levinson at the Congressional Research Service underestimate the speed and significance of the decline. However, U.S. job losses since 2000 have been much more rapid than other countries and cannot be explained by growth in worker productivity. These statistics show that the U.S. is facing a serious challenge to its international competitiveness in advanced manufacturing industries.