China awarded 300,000 bachelor's degrees in the natural sciences and 700,000 in engineering-together representing 43% of its 2.3 million total in 2008. China's engineering degrees were about 10 times the U.S. number and represented a much higher share of all bachelor's degrees (30%) than in the United States (5%). The gap in education in STEM fields from U.S. to China is only growing greater. To maintain competitiveness, the U.S. needs to look critically at improving not only STEM but our higher education system. It is also important that we welcome science majors from Asia and allow those who study in the U.S. to stay here to research and innovate.