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U.S. trade representatives should continue to work to expand the geographic scope of the Information Technology Agreement (ITA).

U.S. trade representatives should continue to work to expand the geographic scope of the Information Technology Agreement (ITA), and (as with Russia’s WTO accession) also make it a requirement that new countries entering the WTO must also sign on to the ITA as a condition of entrance into the organization. Only 75 of the 157 WTO member countries participate in the ITA and there are several notable exceptions, particularly in Africa and Latin America. For example, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and South Africa have failed to sign onto the ITA, meaning that they receive the benefits of duty-free access to the 75 other countries for the high-technology products covered by the agreement without having to provide similar access to their own markets in return.