Congress must review export control policies that inhibit U.S. exports.
While the Obama Administration’s Export Control Reform Initiative has begun the effort to implement common sense reforms to streamline and improve the nation’s export control system, more needs to be done. In particular, the government should remove outdated U.S. export control restrictions, especially unilateral burdens placed on widely available ICT products or software. For instance, the United States could remove performance-based controls on commercial scalar computers and associated technology, because access to computing power is so widely available that U.S. export controls on commercial computers are no longer effective and undermine U.S. technology competitiveness and national security. The United States could also remove encryption controls on products and components that are, or will be, widely available or deployed, do not contain encryption as their primary function, or are not peculiarly responsible for creating a military- or intelligence-related advantage.