In 2009, basic research was about 19% ($76 billion) of total U.S. R&D performance.

In 2009, basic research was about 19% ($76 billion) of total U.S. R&D performance. According to the National Science Board, U.S. R&D is dominated by development activities, largely performed by the business sector. The business sector also performs the majority of applied research, but most basic research is conducted at universities and colleges and funded by the federal government.