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The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative should work with international agencies and foreign governments to support international efforts to combat spam

The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative should work with international agencies and foreign governments to support international efforts to combat spam, including working to include strong cybersecurity measures in all trade agreements currently being negotiated.

Congress should increase resources for enforcement actions against cybercriminals, especially those engaging in practices that facilitate spam or otherwise harm consumers and businesses.

Congress should increase resources for enforcement actions against cybercriminals, especially those engaging in practices that facilitate spam or otherwise harm consumers and businesses.

Congress should recognize spam as one part of the larger cybersecurity problem and increase funding for the development and deployment of comprehensive cybersecurity countermeasures

Congress should recognize spam as one part of the larger cybersecurity problem and increase funding for the development and deployment of comprehensive cybersecurity countermeasures, including best practices in the private sector to a) increase the use of effective anti-spam technology, b) Combat botnets and bullet proof hosting, and c) reduce misuse of affiliate marketing programs

Congress should establish international transparency requirements so that it is clear what information U.S.-based and non-U.S.-based companies are disclosing to both domestic and foreign governments.

Congress should establish international transparency requirements so that it is clear what information U.S.-based and non-U.S.-based companies are disclosing to both domestic and foreign governments.

The National Security Administration needs to proactively set the record straight about what information it does and does not have access to and how this level of access compares to other countries.

The National Security Administration needs to proactively set the record straight about what information it does and does not have access to and how this level of access compares to other countries. To do this effectively, it needs to continue to declassify information about the PRISM program and allow companies to reveal more details about what information has been requested of them by the government. The economic consequences of national security decisions should be part of the debate, and this cannot happen until more details about PRISM have been revealed.

The Department of Energy should create a high-level task force to develop Department-actionable reforms to improve the effectiveness, accountability and technology transfer efforts of the National Laboratories.

The Labs system is integral to the United States federal research enterprise, representing nearly $20 billion in annual public research dollars. However, as the pace of innovation has accelerated and the complexity of national challenges has increased, the national laboratory system has not kept stride. Significant reforms are required to better catalyze innovation in the 21st century economy.

The Department of Energy should merge the existing Under Secretaries of Science and Energy into a new Office of Science and Technology to consolidate management of the National Labs and better coordinate basic and applied research efforts.

The current management of the National Laboratory system is diffuse and disorganized, reducing the overall effectiveness of the system. Consolidating a majority of the labs under one office will improve oversight and strategic development.

Congress should direct the Department of Interior to raise fees on oil and gas drilling on public lands in exchange for opening some new lands for drilling in the Outer Continental Shelf.

Redirecting revenues from drilling to invest in the future of clean energy offers a bipartisan solution to expanding the nation's energy supply while also creating a long-term solution to global warming. These policy changes could create up to $1 billion in new revenue, which would be directed to an Energy Innovation Trust Fund to support the Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E).

Congress should triple funding for clean energy research, development and demonstration to $15 billion annually.

The development of cheap, high performance clean energy technologies is essential to combatting climate change. However, the American energy innovation ecosystem is currently underfunded and heavily focuses on deployment incentives over research and development, demonstration, and manufacturing. Congress should triple appropriations for key energy innovation programs.

Congress should offer planning grants for regions that want to create alternative types of STEM high schools or universities.

In recent years, a number of new high schools and universities with unique approaches to STEM education have opened. These institutions cha