Trade

Globalization-related issues.

U.S. Presses China on Technology Rules

Wall Street Journal
International tech firms face new challenges in the wake of draft antiterrorism law.

China’s Hundred Year Marathon with the United States

March 3, 2015 - 9:00am - 10:30am
Information Technology and Innovation Foundation
1101 K Street NW
610 A
Washington
DC
20005

China is engaged in a secret one-hundred year marathon to overtake the United States in global economic and military might, with a goal to supplant the United States as the world’s dominant power by 2049, argues Michael Pillsbury in a timely new book, The Hundred-Year Marathon: China’s Secret Strateg

Bringing Home the Gold: How to Ensure that the TPP is the Best Deal for the U.S. and the Global Economy

WTO Rules Make it Difficult for Cisco and Apple to Challenge Chinese Government 'Black List'

South China Morning Post
Concerns about cybersecurity have become a convenient excuse for China to enact a new set of policies that favor domestic technology suppliers, says Stephen Ezell.

ITIF Calls for International Data-Storing Agreement

Politico
The cloud computing age requires a new Geneva Convention to settle jurisdictional questions about data.

The Importance of Cross-Border Data Flows for Traditional Industries

February 24, 2015 - 9:00am - 10:30am
Microsoft Innovation & Policy Center
901 K Street, NW
11th Floor
Washington
DC
20001

New Location: Microsoft Innovation & Policy Center, 901 K Street NW Read more »

Cross-Border Data Flows Enable Growth in All Industries

February 24, 2015
| Reports

The importance of cross-border data flows is not confined to high-tech industries. Increasingly, firms in a wide array of industries, from mining and retail to finance and manufacturing, have operations, suppliers, or customers in more than one country and rely on the data that come from these other countries. The benefits of sharing data across borders are realized by consumers in a myriad of ways: from cheaper, safer, and more environmentally friendly products to personalized services. Unfortunately, many countries have begun creating policies that impede cross-border data flows. Such policies are likely to backfire and hurt these nations’ own domestic firms.

This report offers several examples of how cross-border data flows are vital to not only technical industries, but traditional industries as well. It argues that countries should avoid protectionist rules that limit data exchange across borders, such as data residency requirements that confine data to a nation’s borders. This report explains why protectionist data policies—whether they are intended to enhance security or privacy, or foster economic activity—tend to backfire in the long run.

Finally, this report recommends six ways to roll back anti-competitive trade practices for data:

  1. International organizations should develop mechanisms to track data-related localized barriers to trade, making it easier to quantify the economic impact of those measures.

  2. International organizations, such as the World Bank, should push pack against countries that create barriers to cross-border data flows.

  3. The United States could negotiate its trade agreements, such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement, to eliminate these barriers.

  4. The United States should use international forums, such as the World Trade Organization (WTO), to propose a treaty to reduce member states’ incentives to pursue data-related localized barriers to trade. This agreement could be called a “Data Services Agreement”.

  5. All future U.S. trade promotion authority legislation that the U.S. Congress produces should push back on data protectionism by directing U.S. negotiators to do so.

  6. The United States should engage its trading partners in a “Geneva Convention on the Status of Data” to resolve international questions of jurisdiction and transparency regarding the exchange of data.

Only by creating a global trade system that respects the free flow of data can countries fully realize the benefits of a data-driven economy.

China’s Dangerous Digital Agenda

February 23, 2015
| Blogs & Op-eds

Whether it is data or copyright, the Internet of Things or privacy, the EU and the US must agree on a common path for technology policy – centered on shared values like democracy, the rule of law, and freedom of speech. Otherwise, China, with its focus on mercantilism and restricted freedom of information, will soon be dictating the terms of trade in the world's fastest-growing economic sector. If open and pluralistic societies do not stand up for an open Internet and market-based trade, who will?

Goldman Pushes China Investment Deal as Silicon Valley Wary

Bloomberg
U.S. technology companies, weary of fighting battles where their competitors in China can be backed by the government, are much more skeptical of a U.S.-China deal, says Rob Atkinson.
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