Competitiveness

Innovation, including the diffusion of information technology throughout the economy, is key to boosting productivity, which in turn is at the heart of increasing living standards.

Congress should create a Deputy Director for Economic Growth and Innovation Position at NSF.

The National Science Foundation needs more resources devoted to assessing the agency’s impact on economic growth and innovation. Accordingly, NSF should create a new position for a Deputy Director of Economic Growth and Innovation. The position should be filled by an individual with professional competence in understanding the design of innovative systems, building rapid learning data systems, linking creative ideas from all disciplines, and organizing needed advisory committees. The Deputy Director should look to articulate policies that can accelerate recovery and sustain a GDP/per capita growth rate that is at least one percent above the pre-crash baseline.

Congress should allow government labs to take an equity stake in start-ups.

A significant barrier to government labs partnering with industry is that small businesses and start-ups often are not capable of working with the labs due to the cost of procuring lab expertise and access to facilities. Yet, in many cases, even a small amount of lab interaction with a small business or start-up could greatly impact a nascent company’s growth and could be the deciding factor between a start-up failing or not. Congress could ameliorate this issue by providing the labs with the ability to take an equity stake in a start-up that is interested in utilizing lab infrastructure to advance development of its proprietary technology. One option would be to allow federal labs to trade use of lab research infrastructure for a small equity stake in start-ups under the strictest of transparency. This would be the equivalent of providing advanced lab services in lieu of payment and, in return, the labs would receive royalties once start-ups advance into the market at very little, if any, risk to the taxpayers.

Congress should improve accounting rules for national laboratories overhead.

Congress could increase technology transfer out of U.S. federal laboratories by providing the laboratories additional overhead flexibility in two ways. First, Congress could remove the rigid accounting buckets from lab overhead and instead simply provide accounting rules for what the single tranche of overhead funds can be used for. Second, to increase support for technology transfer, Congress should take this reform a step forward by explicitly defining technology transfer to include early-stage technology maturation. In practice, this means the labs are capable of investing in lab overhead in early stage demonstrations that either removes technology barriers limiting private sector interest or re-purposes original research for new problems. In either case, these funds would leverage publicly funded research results that would normally sit on the lab shelf and instead move it closer to potentially successful market outcomes.

Congress should add more weight for technology transfer measures in the Department of Energy’s National Laboratories Performance and Evaluation Measurement Plans.

Despite the Congressional mandate to promote technology transfer and economic outcomes, the Department of Energy (DOE) holds technology transfer as a relatively low priority on the National Laboratories Performance Evaluation and Measurement Plans (PEMPs), otherwise known as the labs’ report card. In fact, technology transfer is not even one of the main eight criteria used for evaluation and is instead listed as the fifth bullet point underneath the sixth criteria on the list, carrying scant weight. As a result, the national labs are not incentivized to invest time, energy, or resources in facilitating technology transfer, despite potential financial upsides. Elevating this important function to its own category would have significant impacts on the management of the labs, and help to reverse the buildup of decades of skepticism and intransigence toward commercialization. Congress could quickly change the lack of incentive for technology transfer by requiring DOE to rank it as one of the key mission accomplishments under Section 1.0 of the National Laboratories’ PEMP.

Congress should fund the Regional Innovation Program.

Regional innovation clusters (RICs) are geographic concentrations of firms and industries that do business with each other and have common needs for talent, technology, or infrastructure that they aren’t always able to meet on their own. Moreover, because the benefits of geographic clustering spill over beyond the boundaries of a firm, market forces produce less geographic clustering than society needs. Thus, there’s a strong role for public policy to play in supporting regional innovation clusters. Regional innovation programs have proven a highly successful form of economic development for communities across the United States. Programs such as the i6 Challenge and the Jobs and Innovation Accelerator Challenge have helped local, regional, and state entities leverage existing resources, spur regional collaboration, and support economic recovery and job creation in high-growth industries, but more needs to be done. The 2010 Reauthorization of the America COMPETES Act authorized the Department of Commerce “to establish a regional innovation program to encourage and support the development of regional innovation strategies,” but this was never funded. The 2013 Reauthorization of the COMPETES Act should include at least $100 million for the regional innovation strategies program.

Congress should fund a pilot program supporting experimental approaches to technology transfer and commercialization.

A number of organizations throughout the United States are experimenting with novel approaches to bolster technology transfer from universities (and national laboratories) to industry and to accelerate the commercialization of university-developed technologies. The 2013 Reauthorization of the America COMPETES Act should support these types of novel approaches by including $5 million to fund experimental programs exploring new approaches to university and federal laboratory technology transfer programs. The program should be managed by the Department of Commerce’s Office of Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Organizations would apply for the grants and winning proposals would be selected on criteria such as: 1) how innovative they are in demonstrating a new model; 2) recent documented success of their program; and 3) willingness to publicly disclose best practices learned from their programs.

ITIF Event: The COMPETES Act and the Future of American Competitiveness

WASHINGTON (April 30, 2013) - Congress enacted the America COMPETES Act in 2007 with the goal of enhancing the science and innovation enterprise that underpins U.S. economic growth. While the act has been successful in improving federal innovation programs, more can be done to enhance the implementation, coordination and overall success of science and technology policy and further its impact on the economy. With the COMPETES Act up for reauthorization in 2013, policymakers have an opportunity to specifically address areas of need and improve the overall effectiveness of U.S. Read more »

25 Recommendations for the 2013 America COMPETES Act Reauthorization

April 22, 2013
| Reports

Download the List of 25 Recommendations.

The America COMPETES Act, originally enacted in 2007 and reauthorized in 2010, has helped support the science, technology, and innovation enterprise that underpins U.S. economic growth. The impending 2013 Reauthorization of the America COMPETES Act affords an opportunity to introduce new or extend effective existing programs and initiatives related to: innovation and technology commercialization; federal institutional reforms to spur innovation; and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education.

Revamping the U.S. innovation infrastructure and spurring additional investment in science and technology can help create the new products, processes, and industries that will drive economic development, job growth, and enhanced quality of life for American citizens. A robust reauthorization of the America COMPETES Act in 2013 can play an important role in bolstering the STEM education, scientific research, technology commercialization, and innovation activities that underpin U.S. economic competitiveness and growth.

Improving the America COMPETES Act

WASHINGTON (April 22, 2013) - The America COMPETES Act was originally enacted in 2007 with the goal of enhancing the science, technology and innovation enterprise that underpins U.S. economic growth. While the Act has been successful in improving federal innovation policy, more can be done to improve the implementation, coordination and overall success of science and technology policy and further its impact on the economy.

Building the Global Innovation Economy

April 17, 2013
| Presentations

ITIF Senior Analyst Stephen Ezell presented on the importance of the global innovation and competitiveness race at the 2013 Crisis, Cooperation, and Change within the Global Landscape Conference.

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